Journal № 1 (17) 2023

Currently, cooperation within the CIS in accordance with international treaties of the CIS member States is carried out on a sectoral basis or at the interministerial level by the following structures:

  • Coordination Transport Meeting of the CIS Member States - Meetings of Transport Ministers;
  • Interstate Aviation Committee and the Council for Aviation and the Use of Airspace – Aviation authorities; Council for Railway Transport of the CIS Member States – railway administrations and companies;
  • Intergovernmental Council of Road Workers – departments and companies of the road sector/

A significant reserve that could be used to strengthen industry cooperation, taking into account the growing trends – the expansion of multimodality, environmental friendliness, digitalization, exists in the creation of a platform for non-commercial interaction of business structures of the CIS member states, industry associations and associations in the field of transport, logistics and related sectors of the national economy.

Such a dialogue, in addition to the obvious effect of promoting their advanced technological solutions and establishing new connections, will allow all its participants to implement the results of partners in their production activities, take into account when planning investments, training personnel, etc.

On December 14, 2022, the first meeting of the Business Dialogue of the Commonwealth of Independent States took place at the CIS Executive Committee office in Moscow/

The co-organizers of the Transport Business Dialogue were:

  • CIS Transport Coordination Meeting (transport agencies of the CIS Member States and the Executive Committee);
  • International Coordinating Council for Trans-Eurasian Transportation (transport, logistics companies, industry science, CCTT Secretariat);
  • Business Center for Economic Development of the CIS (transport, logistics and companies of other sectors of the economy included in the association).

The establishment of the Transport Business Dialogue of the Commonwealth of Independent States, uniting the transport and logistics business, will DISCUSSION TOPIC INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION, INTEGRATION AND LOGISTICS Boris Levin, President of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT).

The establishment of the Transport Business Dialogue of the Commonwealth of Independent States, uniting the transport and logistics business, will create a "bridge" from the interstate and interdepartmental integration agenda to practical activities and thereby become an important element of the development of the trans-Eurasian communications system. This format, based on the integration potential of the CIS, will facilitate new foreign economic contacts of companies in the industry. If necessary, it is possible to invite participants and experts from the EAEU, SCO and third countries.

The created platform does not aim to duplicate the activities of any structures and organizations operating both within the CIS and in Eurasia as a whole, or in individual regions. On the contrary, a substantive industry dialogue aimed at strengthening the interaction of companies and organizations operating in the Commonwealth space will allow all participants in the transportation process to build new connections, identify and disseminate best practices, taking into account global and regional trends affecting the provision of transport services.

The transport and logistics industries are the engine of growth of the national economy, they represent the circulatory system for ensuring the economic and social spheres of society's development.

In the context of global challenges, it is important to unite the efforts of participants in transport and logistics chains, to consider the current, even difficult situation, as a window of opportunity to preserve and increase competitive advantages.

The course adopted in the Commonwealth of Independent States to expand equal, mutually beneficial and comprehensive cooperation, building up mutual economic ties is also reflected in the trends in the development of the transport industry.

These are not only projects in the field of international and regional connectivity, but also measures to simplify border crossing procedures, develop safe and environmentally friendly transport systems, work in the field of industrial and technological cooperation, identify and implement innovative solutions.
The implementation of major international infrastructure projects involves a high level of coordination of the actions of all participants, since this is what makes it possible to optimize design solutions, ensure the most complete compliance with the capacity of individual links of the transport chain and service capacities.

This can also be attributed to the digital agenda, where one of the prospects is the formation of digital transport corridors that reduce the processing time and clearance of goods.

The need to form a comprehensive vision and develop immediate and strategic plans for the development of the transport industry puts before it not only the tasks of conducting fundamental and applied scientific research, the implementation of international scientific and technical cooperation projects, but also the desire to form a unified scientific and educational transport space.

Coordination of efforts in the field of human capital development makes it possible to increase the efficiency of the formation of new knowledge and professional skills, ensure higher productivity, develop and implement technological innovations, accelerate technical re-equipment. This allows specialists to speak the same professional language, understand the organizational, technical and technological processes of the partner countries.

The development of interstate trade and services, the formation of international supply chains, the optimization of production and distribution and transport and logistics mechanisms requires the creation of joint ventures and subsidiaries, branches abroad and the implementation of cross-border industry projects. These are areas where joint work can be carried out faster and more efficiently by setting common tasks and their coordinated solution.

The restructuring of global transport and logistics chains poses new challenges to the participants of the transportation process, which must be solved.

This includes the continuous provision of a high level of reliability, comfort and safety of transportation, the introduction of innovative rolling stock, technical means, digital and intelligent technologies, the development of doorto-door services, the use of a wide range of tools for electronic data exchange with partners, customers, state regulatory authorities.

Such work requires cooperation and cooperation of various modes of transport, close interaction with science and transport education.

The global trends that the industry is facing at the present stage – customer orientation, multimodality, environmental friendliness, digitalization of services – emphasize the importance of logistics as an integral part of the production process.

In the near future, the growth in the volume of traffic will be associated with an increase in the containerization of goods and the use of intermodal and multimodal schemes. At the same time, the flexibility of container services allows you to bring solutions to the market that meet the requirements of a wide range of users. Along with the development of the main infrastructure, checkpoints, it is important not to lose sight of the expansion of the range of transport services of the highest quality, the construction of the necessary terminal and logistics facilities.

It is necessary to use the experience of creating stable container services in China – Europe, China – Central Asian countries to offer new solutions in accordance with current and prospective economic realities. Considering the responsibility to future generations – to continue the development of environmentally sustainable technologies.

The demand for customer-oriented transport services, including those operating on the "door-to-door" principle, increases the attention that should be paid to logistics issues. Developing the system of international transport corridors, countries pay attention to the whole range of issues in the organizational, technical and technological spheres. One of the key links of these corridors, providing the necessary flexibility and reliability of services provided to users, are transport and logistics centers.
Among the main tasks in the sphere of further strategic development of railway transport of the CIS member states, identified as Priority areas of cooperation of the CIS member states in the field of transport for the period up to 2030, are the formation and development of the market of transport, forwarding and other logistics services in the space of 1520 mm gauge railways, including:

  • creation of transport and logistics centers on the railway network and development of intermodal transportation;
  • development of freight forwarding and logistics;
  • development of mutually beneficial relations in the field of improving the logistics of railway transportation by ensuring operational interaction between the subjects of the transport market and transport and logistics centers.

The Transport Strategy of the Russian Federation approved by the Government of the Russian Federation until 2030 with a forecast for the period up to 2035 defines the key directions for the development of the supporting logistics infrastructure:

  • formation of a reference network of at least 10 large-area (more than 200 hectares) multimodal transport and logistics centers located in various macro-regions of the Russian Federation. The target format of the supporting transport and logistics centers are "cargo villages" integrated with business and 110 industrial districts and, if possible, having direct access to inland water transport;
  • stimulating the development of transport and logistics technologies in transport and logistics centers (technologies for accelerated unloading of container trains, robotic warehouse logistics management);
  • modernization of checkpoints across the state border of the Russian Federation and adjacent transport infrastructure. It also outlines a system of measures to improve the efficiency and expand the range of logistics services, which contributes to improving the efficiency of logistics in servicing the needs of the national economy and foreign trade of the Russian Federation.

The broad integration basis that defines the processes of sectoral cooperation in the Commonwealth, the decisions taken this year to develop proposals for joint measures to respond to economic challenges, provide extensive opportunities for the development and improvement of mutually beneficial transport and technological schemes for cargo delivery.

Accordingly, in order to achieve the necessary synergetic effect within the CIS, it is advisable to form a system that unites the activities of transport and logistics enterprises and associations, forwarding and industry IT organizations, research centers and universities at interstate and global levels of interaction.

The cumulative effect of such work will help the effectiveness of management and building the optimal movement of domestic and foreign trade goods flows, including using the potential of international transport corridors. In our case, transport corridors in the CIS space.

The active use of the possibilities of coordination and ensuring effective interaction of all participants in multimodal transport in the CIS space will also be useful for transport operators, including by increasing the competitiveness and profitability of transportation in the transport services market through more rational use of own and leased rolling stock, the use of transportation and processing capabilities of various types of transport and infrastructure facilities.

An integral part of solving the problem of effective implementation of new technological multimodal solutions in the CIS space, bringing transport services in demand by the economy to the market, ensuring the stability of delivery, as well as the reliable functioning of international transport corridors in general, will be the construction of a unified system of staffing and scientific support of the CIS transport complex in the field of logistics. The future begins today, so right now we need to pay the closest attention to the specialists of tomorrow.

The system of personnel support and scientific support is proposed to be formed taking into account the scientific and educational potential of universities and research centers of transport in the CIS countries and the basic organization of the CIS in the field of transport education and science - the Russian University of Transport (MIIT).

This system should provide three interrelated areas of activity: training of specialists in the field of transport logistics, training of highly qualified scientific and pedagogical personnel in the scientific specialty "Logistics transport systems", expertise of research projects proposed for development and implementation in the field of transport logistics.
It is advisable to provide the CIS basic organization, the basic organization of the Council for Education and Science at the CIS – the Russian University of Transport (MIIT) as the coordinator of the creation and development of the personnel support and scientific support system.

RUT (MIIT) has been operating in the following areas since 2006:

  • training of highly qualified specialists and scientific and pedagogical personnel in the field of logistics ("Logistics and supply chain management", "Logistics and management of transport systems", "International management of logistics systems", "International logistics");
  • improvement of multilevel higher professional education and scientific research in the field of logistics, mathematical and instrumental methods of entrepreneurship, organization and management of human resources;
  • development of comprehensive cooperation with leading foreign universities;
  • implementation of specialized programs of additional professional education;
  • implementation of scientific and methodological developments and organizational and advisory activities in the field of organization of logistics systems and supply chain management of transport companies;
  • transport corridors in interregional and international trade;
  • modern logistics systems of goods movement and the market of transport services;
  • logistics risk management: methods and implementation (including at the level of foreign economic activity).

On April 6, 2022, at a Meeting in the CIS Executive Committee dedicated to the activities of the CIS Base Organization and the Council for Education and Science, the Executive Committee leadership approved the initiative of the Council to:

  • unification of the nomenclature of scientific specialties for the training of scientific and pedagogical personnel for the CIS transport complex;
  • creation of an international center for the training of highly qualified scientific and pedagogical personnel for the transport systems of the Commonwealth States on the basis of the Russian University of Transport.

The participants of the 42nd meeting on November 16, 2022 reviewed and supported these initiatives, they also decided to consider them at the next meeting of the CIS Economic Council.

As for the expertise of scientific projects in the field of transport logistics, we believe it is advisable to involve leading scientists of universities and research centers of transport of the CIS countries as experts for its implementation on a permanent basis.

The Expert Scientific Council of the Coordinating Council for Trans-Eurasian Transportation (CCTT) is actively engaged in scientific expertise of projects in the field of international cargo transportation on the Eurasian continent.

In our opinion, the initiative to form a Transport business dialogue of the Commonwealth of Independent States is timely and necessary, as it will strengthen ties, and the joint work of representatives of various modes of transport, transport education and science will bring a tangible effect for all participants of the new format.